The Judiciary is made up of courts -- Supreme, Circuit, the magistrate (local) and municipal (city) courts. The Judicial branch interprets the laws. The state judges are elected by the citizens rather than being appointed. They also run for their office as members of a political party.
Article III of the U.S. Constitution created the Supreme Court and authorized Congress to pass laws establishing a system of lower courts. In the federal court system's present form, 94 district level trial courts and 13 courts of appeals sit below the Supreme Court. Learn more about the Supreme Court.
The Judiciary Act of 1789, officially titled "An Act to Establish the Judicial Courts of the United States," was signed into law by President George Washington on September 24, 1789. Article III of the Constitution established a Supreme Court, but left to Congress the authority to create lower federal courts as needed.
The DC Courts are comprised of the DC Court of Appeals, the Superior Court of DC, and the Court System, which provides administrative support to both courts. The DC Courts are the third branch of the District of Columbia government.
The Supreme Court Building, located at One First Street, NE, in Washington, DC, is the permanent home of the Court. Completed in 1935, the Building is open to the public Monday–Friday, 9 a.m. – 3 p.m. and is closed on weekends and federal holidays.
A group of eight people work on the fifth floor of a building. They all decide they want to lose weight by increasing their physical activity. Four of them